Born in San Antonio, Texas, 1938
Lives in Durham, Canada

2008 d.velop digital art award [ddaa]
1995 Petro Canada Award 
1990 Prix Ars Electronica 90. Linz, Austria. "Auszeichnungen": for The Helpless Robot 

1985 La Villette, Musee National des Sciences, des Techniques, et des Industries, Paris, France;             Second Prize: for the design of a landmark object for "Le Zoo des Robots"

Solo Shows
2009 "we fix toaster", Kunsthalle Bremen, Germany
2003 "Norm's Robots", Koffler Centre for the Arts, Toronto, Ontario.

1984 "Funny Weather", Eye Gallery, Toronto, Ontario.
1983 University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. 

1982 "Funky Isn't Junky", A-Space, Toronto, Ontario. 

1981 Media Study Centre, Buffalo, New York. 

1975-6 "Electrical Machines", three venues: Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, British Columbia; National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario; Owens Art Gallery, Mt.Allison University, Sackville, New Brunswick.  

1974 Electric Gallery, Toronto, Ontario.

1972 Erindale College, University of Toronto, Mississauga, Ontario.
1971 Electric Gallery, Toronto, Ontario.

Selected Group Shows

2008 "IA25: Mapping a practice of new media art" Inter/Access, Toronto, Ontario.

2007 "BIOS 4", Centro Andaluz de Arte Contemporaneo, Seville, Spain. 

2006 "Maskin", Trondheim Elektroniske Kunstsenter, Trondheim, Norway.

2006 transmediale.06, Berlin, Germany. 

Inter/Access, Toronto, OntarIo. 

2005-6 "Resonance/Electromagnetic Bodies", six venues: 
1. Occurrence Gallery, Montreal, Quebec. 
 2. Zentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie, Karlsruhe, Germany. 
 3. Conde Duque Gallery, Madrid, Spain. 
4. V2 Gallery, Rotterdam, Holland 
5. Ludwig Museum, Budapest, Hungary. 6. Festival @rtOutsiders, Paris, France. 

2004 "Electrohype", Malmo Konsthall, Malmo, Sweden. 

2003 "Machine Life", Agnes Etherington Art Centre, Kingston, Ontario 

2002 "Sentient Circuitry", Walter Phillips Gallery, Banff Centre, Banff, Alberta. 

"Paradise Reflected", Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa, Ontario.

2001 "Bellevue", Paul Petro Gallery, Toronto, Ontario.

2000 "Engaging the Virtual", Dalhousie Art Gallery, Halifax, Nova Scotia.

1999 "Nature of the Machine",Cambridge Library & Gallery, Cambridge, Ontario. 

1997 "A Life of Its Own", Centro Nacional de las Artes, Mexico City, Mexico.

1997 "Like Life", European Conference on Artificial Life, Brighton, England. 

1995 "Net@Works, Centro Nacional de las Artes, Mexico City, Mexico. 

1995 "Welcome to the Electric Skin", McLuhan Programme, Toronto, Ontario.
"Two Works from the Permanent Collection", National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.

1994 "Our Own Devices", Durham Art Gallery, Durham, Ontario.
"Art + Technology", two-person show with Maggie Dorning, Workscene Gallery, Toronto, Ontario.

1992 "Age of Electronics", Lake Gallery, Toronto, Ontario. 

1990 "Numbering", Art Gallery of Hamilton, Hamilton, Ontario. 

1989-90 "Machinations", four venues in Quebec

1988-89 "The Phase Show", two venues in Toronto

1986 "Les Machines Sentimentales", three venues in France
"Strategic Arts Initiative", University of Salerno, Salerno, Italy. 

1985 "Hearsay", global art/telecommunications event originating from A-Space,Toronto, Ontario. 

1984 "Influencing Machines", YYZ Gallery, Toronto, Ontario.

1982 "Artists/Computers/Art", four venues in England, Ireland, France 

1979 "Sound at PS-1", Clocktower Gallery, New York, N.Y. 

1977-8 "Another Dimension", four venues in Canada 

1969 "The Canadian Electric Company", Carmen Lamanna Gallery, Toronto, Ontario.
"Some More Beginnings", Experiments in Art & Technology (E.A.T.), Brooklyn Museum of Art, Brooklyn, New York.

1975 "Splish Splash Two", Canadian Broadcasting Corp., Vancouver, B.C.   (40 ft. x 8 ft. electronically controlled light mural).

Public Collections
Agnes Etherington Art Centre, Queens University.

Art Gallery of Ontario (2 works).

Art Bank, Canada Council (8 works). 

Erindale College, University of Toronto.

National Gallery of Canada (3 works).

Vancouver Art Gallery.

Formal Education
1962-63 San Francisco Art Institute, San Francisco, Calif. (part-time/night classes)

1959-60 Art Students' League, New York City, N.Y. (part-time/night classes)

1955-59 Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. (B.A., Biology).

1951-55 Punchard High School, Andover, Mass.

Teaching Activity
1978-2003: Instructor, Ontario College of Art and Design, Toronto, Ontario.

2003-2008: Instructor, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario.